Where appropriate, cooperative activities are carried out within the framework of specific agreements or implementation agreements between the parties or participants in the course of their activities, including the financing of these activities, the use of scientific and research results, facilities and equipment, and the settlement of disputes. Through these specific agreements or arrangements, the parties provide, where appropriate, either directly or through the participants, adequate and effective protection and equitable sharing of intellectual property rights, in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, procedures and policies, as well as the international legal obligations of the parties concerned, and address other issues that may arise from the activities carried out under this agreement. At the Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting on April 24, 2015, a task force on Arctic marine cooperation was established to examine future needs for cooperation in Arctic maritime issues. [4] 3. This agreement does not affect the rights and obligations of the parties in agreements with non-contracting parties and does not impede cooperation between the parties and non-contracting parties. No provision of this agreement should be interpreted to alter the rights or obligations of a party under other relevant international instruments or international law. Noting the importance of international scientific cooperation in this regard; Article 16 Relations with other international agreements Although the political priorities of the Arctic are different, each Arctic nation is concerned about sovereignty and defence, resource development, shipping routes and environmental protection. Although several disputes over borders and resources in the Arctic remain unresolved, there is a remarkable convergence of policy directions between Arctic nations and a broad consensus on peace and cooperation in the region. [2] [1] Remaining obstacles include the non-ratification of UNCLOS by the United States and the harmonization of all UNCLOS territorial claims (particularly the expanded continental claims along the back of Lomonosov); The Dispute over the Northwest Passage; and the guarantee of regulatory agreements in Arctic waters. SAR is an international agreement on Arctic search and rescue cooperation signed by the eight Arctic states (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and the United States) on May 12, 2011 in Nuuk, Greenland, but which came into force in January 2013. Sar is the first legally binding document developed under the auspices of the Arctic Council and the first truly binding legally panartic document (the only other binding Arctic multilateral document, the 1973 Polar Bear Agreement, was signed by only five of the eight Arctic states – Canada, Denmark, Norway, the United States and the USSR). The U.S. Department of State`s Office of Ocean and Polar Affairs (OPA) is part of the State Department`s Office of Ocean and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES).

OPA is responsible for formulating and implementing U.S. policy on international issues related to the oceans, the Arctic and Antarctic. 2. Contracting parties may, at their sole discretion, cooperate with the non-contracting parties described in this agreement and apply measures consistent with the measures outlined in this agreement, in cooperation with the non-contracting parties.